Also indexed as:Osteomalacia
Ensure your children get the necessary nutrients their growing bones need. According to research or other evidence, the following self-care steps may be helpful.
About This Condition
Rickets is an abnormal bone formation in children resulting from inadequate
calcium in their bones.
This lack of calcium can result from inadequate dietary calcium,1 inadequate exposure to sunshine (needed to make vitamin D), or from not
eating enough vitamin D—a nutrient needed for calcium absorption.
Vitamin D is found in animal foods, such as egg yolks and dairy products.
Rickets can also be caused by conditions that impair absorption of vitamin D and/or calcium, even when
these nutrients are consumed in appropriate amounts. Activation of vitamin D in the body requires normal
liver and kidney function. Damage to either organ can cause rickets. Some variations of rickets do not
respond well to supplementation with vitamin D and calcium. Proper diagnosis must be made by a healthcare
Osteomalacia is an adult version of rickets. This condition is treated with vitamin D, sometimes in
combination with calcium supplements. Osteomalacia should be diagnosed, and its treatment monitored, by a
In children, symptoms of rickets include delayed sitting, crawling, and walking; pain when walking; and the development of bowlegs or knock-knees. Symptoms of osteomalacia include bowing of the legs and a decrease in height.
Healthy Lifestyle Tips
Direct exposure of the skin (i.e., hands, face, arms, etc.) to sunlight stimulates the body to manufacture vitamin D. However, both clothing and use of a sunscreen prevent the ultraviolet light that triggers the formation of vitamin D from reaching the skin. Depending on latitude, sunlight during the winter may not provide enough ultraviolet light to promote adequate vitamin D production. At other times during the year, even 30 minutes of exposure per day will usually lead to large increases in the amount of vitamin D made. If it is difficult to get sunlight exposure, full-spectrum lighting can be used to stimulate vitamin D production.
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The information presented by Healthnotes is for informational purposes only. It is based on scientific studies (human, animal, or in vitro), clinical experience, or traditional usage as cited in each article. The results reported may not necessarily occur in all individuals. Self-treatment is not recommended for life-threatening conditions that require medical treatment under a doctor's care. For many of the conditions discussed, treatment with prescription or over the counter medication is also available. Consult your doctor, practitioner, and/or pharmacist for any health problem and before using any supplements or before making any changes in prescribed medications. Information expires June 2016.